Jordan has become an important place of refuge for thousands fleeing the violence in Syria, whilst continuing to host significant numbers of people displaced from Iraq, Sudan and Somalia, who are increasingly forgotten in the face of emerging crises in the region.

Though Jordan is not a signatory to the 1951 Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees, it continues to show tolerance and hospitality to a large number of refugees and asylum seekers. Yet despite its status as a middle-income country, there are signs that Jordan is straining to cope with the increasing influx of refugees. Meeting the huge unmet needs of the growing refugee population in the country remains a major challenge.

As of mid-2013, there are close to half a million Syrian refugees in Jordan. Besides, there remain over 30,000 Iraqi refugees and nearly 1,250 Somali and Sudanese refugees/asylum seekers. Programmes and services for Iraqis, Somalis and Sudanese have been cut significantly in recent years, while the cost of living in Jordan has risen significantly, leaving increasing numbers of refuges vulnerable.